A Beginners Guide To Health

Facts and Tips in Managing a Child with ADHD

ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder characterized by inattentiveness, impulsiveness and hyperactivity affecting children, teens and continue into adulthood. ADHD is usually diagnosed between 6 to 12 years old, and the manifestations are observable at an early age, becoming noticeable when a child starts school or any change in circumstances. The exact cause of ADHD is unknown, but genetic influence shows to be a strong factor in the occurrence of ADHD. The other potential factors that may contribute to the development of ADHD include alcohol, smoking or drug abuse during pregnancy, low birth weight, or premature birth (before 37th week of pregnancy). ADHD can occur in patients with any level of intellectual ability, although it is more common for children with learning difficulties.

The signs of ADHD may be less obvious and some patients may have problems with one category only such as problem with inattentiveness but not with impulsiveness or hyperactivity. ADHD is not curable but it can be effectively managed with appropriate support and advice for affected children and their parents, educational support and medication as needed. It is important to always remember that people with ADHD can’t help their behavior and some problems may arise relating to getting ready for school on time, listening and carrying out instructions, being organized, social occasions, or getting your child to sleep at night. The signs and symptoms of ADHD are noticeable before six years of age, and they are well defined in children and teenagers, occurring in more than one situation like at school and at home.

When it comes to the behavioral signs under inattentiveness, they usually include unable to focus on tasks which are time-consuming or tedious, changing tasks constantly, being easily distracted, short attention span, careless mistakes like school work, losing things, appearing forgetful, difficulty completing and organizing task, and unable to listen to and carry out instructions. The behavioral signs of hyperactivity and impulsiveness may include the following: unable to wait his turn, little or no sense of danger, unable to sit still especially in quiet or calm surroundings, constantly fidgeting, unable to concentrate or focus on tasks, excessive talking, excessive physical movement, acting without thinking, and interrupting conversations. These signs and symptoms can significantly affect a child’s life most especially when it comes to social interaction, discipline and safety.
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A child with ADHD may also have related conditions such as Tourette’s syndrome, learning difficulties, anxiety disorder (child worries too much or gets nervous all the time), depression, or epilepsy. Doctors often prescribe methylphenidate, dexamfetamine, lisdexamfetamine atomoxetine, or guanfacine to patients with ADHD. These medications can help a patient concentrate or focus better, feel calmer, be less impulsive, and practice and learn new skills.The Beginners Guide To Resources (Getting Started 101)